To date there have been 25 leaders of the Bureau of Engraving and Printing filling 26 different terms (William M. Meredith headed the BEP twice, first from 1889-1893 and then again from 1900-1906). They were originally designated as “chief”. This title arose while the BEP was still a subdivision of Treasury operations and lasted into the 1890s, long after the BEP became an independent entity. Thereafter, heads of the BEP were known as “directors.” A number of the early chiefs and directors were political appointees, but most came from a background in government service, with some rising from the ranks of the BEP production floor. Click on a portrait below to view a short biography of a past BEP leader.